Windows doesn't include a software to deeply check the status of your hard drive with SMART status. Therefore you need to a little software named HDTune that can easily be found for free on Internet.
- Open HDTune
- Click on the Health tab.
- Look if one of the lines is in color (yellow or red). If that's the case, the hard drive is defect. Not necessary dead, but defect. In that case, you should not wait to recover data.